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Statistics for Sport and Exercise Studies by Peter O'Donoghue

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CHAPTER 4

STANDARDIZED SCORES

INTRODUCTION

In any area, it is essential to be able to interpret whether the values of given variables are low, average or high. If we do not understand what a value means, then we cannot make a decision based on the value and the variable is invalid. Some variables have become well understood through every day use; for example, in athletics it is understood that a 10,000m time of under 27 minutes is world class for a senior man while a time faster than 40 minutes could be considered good for a recreational runner. There are other variables that are not be so well understood requiring research to determine what low, average and high values are. Note that we are not using the terms poor, average and good because ...

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