Appendix 5.1: Basics of Options and Option Pricing

An option provides the holder with the right to buy or sell a specified quantity of an underlying asset at a fixed price (called a strike price or an exercise price) at or before the expiration date of the option. Because it is a right and not an obligation, the holder can choose not to exercise the right and allow the option to expire. There are two types of options—call options and put options.

Option Payoffs

A call option gives the option buyer the right to buy the underlying asset at a fixed price, called the strike or the exercise price, at any time prior to the expiration date of the option: The buyer pays a price for this right. If at expiration the value of the asset is less than the ...

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