Who Does What?

The players

In simple terms a project needs a person: who comes up with the idea (the originator), who wants the project benefits (project sponsor), who manages the project (project manager) and who undertakes the work (the project team).

‘Even emperors can’t do it all by themselves.’


Chapter 2 showed that a process is nothing without the culture, systems and organisation that support it (see pp. 14, 34). Project processes are no exception. Hence, to understand ‘projects’ you need to have a firm grasp of who the players are and what is expected of them. The roles described here are relevant to a single project (see Figure 4.1). Roles required for running a portfolio of projects are described in Part Three ...

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