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Upgrading to PHP 5 by Adam Trachtenberg

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Wrapper Overview

As long as there’s a wrapper that supports it, you can use streams to read from and write to any location or protocol using the same set of file manipulation functions from the previous section.

For example, here are a few streams that access nonlocal files:

  • http://www.example.com/index.html

  • https://secure.example.com/secret.html

  • ftp://user:password@ftp.example.com/www/www.example.com/index.html

The first stream makes an HTTP request to www.example.com and retrieves the file from the Internet. The second makes a secure HTTP connection using SSL and accesses secret.html from secure.example.com. The final wrapper transfers a file using FTP, passing along a username and password in the process.

However, while streams do abstract away most implementation specifics, they can’t alter the inherent nature of the protocol itself. For instance, although it’s quite easy to read files using HTTP, most web servers are not set up to allow you to save files using HTTP. Likewise, when you use FTP, you need to provide a username and password or the FTP server won’t be able to authenticate you as a legitimate user.

Bundled Wrappers

Before getting into the specifics of each individual wrapper, here’s a brief overview of all the wrappers bundled with PHP 5, as well as the additional wrappers you can enable with certain extensions.

PHP 5 automatically provides you with four wrappers:

file

Talks to the local filesystem

http

Requests a file from a web server

ftp

Reads and writes files ...

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