Wikis are nice for typing. XML is nice for processing. SGML is a standard language for specifying conversions from one to the other.
Wikis exploded onto the scene in the late 1990s but have been quieter
Wiki is a site written using
a very simplified syntax without tags (e.g., a blank line means start
a new paragraph). The nice thing about Wiki formats is that they
reduce the number of keystrokes needed to mark up a document (to the
level of very simple HTML) to the same number as a nice, swanky,
custom application needs. Today I am writing this in Mozilla
Composer: in order to put in a link I need to type ^L to open the
link editor, type the text, then Tab, then the URL, then Enter: three
characters overhead. In a Wiki, I type
[ and then
the text, a
> character followed by the URL,
]. Pretty much identical to Mozilla
Composer, but with the advantage that one doesn’t
need to learn any special keystrokes or customize an editor to cope
WikiWikiWeb (http://c2.com/cgi/wiki?WikiWikiWeb) provides a simple rich text format based on visual cues rather than HTML tags. This is convenient for hand editing and has the virtue that the raw text gives a rough indication of the formatted text. Wiki-like syntaxes are useful, for example, for creating documents in mail programs or PDAs, where terseness is important and there is no well-formedness checking or validation available.
Now that Wiki and ...