O'Reilly logo

Stay ahead with the world's most comprehensive technology and business learning platform.

With Safari, you learn the way you learn best. Get unlimited access to videos, live online training, learning paths, books, tutorials, and more.

Start Free Trial

No credit card required

Digital Ultraviolet and Infrared Photography

Book Description

Digital Ultraviolet and Infrared Photography discusses the growing number of applications of ultraviolet and infrared photography. Scientific and technical photographers, such as those engaged in scientific, medical, forensic, and landscape and wildlife photography routinely use ultraviolet and infrared techniques, and these techniques are growing in use in creative photography.

This is the first book to address the application and potential for both ultraviolet and infrared photography in both science and art. The author, Adrian Davies, discusses the how-to of ultraviolet and infrared digital recording with a dissection of techniques, camera requirements and camera conversion, a useful appendix of resources and equipment currently available and inspirational image examples throughout. Digital Ultraviolet and Infrared Photography is an essential read for photographers using these tools either professionally or creatively.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Half Title
  3. Title Page
  4. Copyright Page
  5. Table of Contents
  6. Foreword
  7. Acknowledgements
  8. 1. Introduction
    1. 1.1 Introduction
    2. 1.2 Historical Context
    3. 1.3 UV Photography
    4. 1.4 IR Photography
    5. 1.5 The Digital Era
    6. 1.6 References
  9. 2. The Electromagnetic Spectrum
    1. 2.1 Overview
    2. 2.2 Properties of Light
    3. 2.3 Bibliography
  10. 3. Camera Conversion and Other Equipment Considerations
    1. 3.1 Imaging Sensors
    2. 3.2 Testing an Unmodified Camera
      1. 3.3 Converting a Camera to UV and/or IR
      2. 3.3.1 Sensor Size and Focal length
      3. 3.3.2 Resolution
      4. 3.3.3 Depth of Field
      5. 3.3.4 ISO
      6. 3.3.5 Focusing
      7. 3.3.6 DIY Conversions
      8. 3.3.7 Self-Cleaning Function
      9. 3.3.8 Possible Fogging of IR Images
    3. 3.4 Conversion Types
      1. 3.4.1 Single Wavelength Conversion
      2. 3.4.2 Full-Spectrum Conversion
      3. 3.4.3 Visible Light Photography with a Full-Spectrum Camera
      4. 3.4.4 Advantages and Disadvantages of Each Type of Conversion
    4. 3.5 The Sensor Following Conversion
    5. 3.6 Filters
      1. 3.6.1 Filter Terminology
      2. 3.6.2 Filter Transmission (Spectral Absorption) Curves
      3. 3.6.3 Filter Thickness
    6. 3.7 Harmonisation of the Components
    7. 3.8 Resources
  11. 4. Ultraviolet Reflectance Photography
    1. 4.1 Overview
    2. 4.2 Basic Principles
    3. 4.3 The Camera
      1. 4.3.1 Monochromatic Cameras
      2. 4.3.2 UV Viewing Scope
      3. 4.3.3 Video Recording
    4. 4.4 The Lens
      1. 4.4.1 Specialist UV Lenses
      2. 4.4.2 ‘Accidental’ Lenses
      3. 4.4.3 35mm f/3.5 Lenses
      4. 4.4.4 Removing Lens Coatings
      5. 4.4.5 Focus Shift
      6. 4.4.6 Live View
      7. 4.4.7 Pinhole Images
    5. 4.5 UV-Transmitting Filters
      1. 4.5.1 Baader U-filter
      2. 4.5.2 Other UV-Transmitting Filters
    6. 4.6 Radiation Sources for UV
      1. 4.6.1 Overview
      2. 4.6.2 Daylight
      3. 4.6.3 Tungsten
      4. 4.6.4 Gas Discharge Lamps
      5. 4.6.5 Metal Halide
      6. 4.6.6 Fluorescent Strip
      7. 4.6.7 Light-Emitting Diode (LED)
      8. 4.6.8 Electronic Flash
    7. 4.7 Case Study: UV Reflectance of Flower
    8. 4.8 Lighting the Subject
    9. 4.9 Open Flash Technique
    10. 4.10 Focus Stacking
    11. 4.11 Tethered Shooting
    12. 4.12 Image Processing and Colour
      1. 4.12.1 White Balance Targets
    13. 4.13 Some Applications of UV-Reflected Photography
      1. 4.13.1 Medical Photography
      2. 4.13.2 Sunscreens
      3. 4.13.3 Forensic Photography
      4. 4.13.4 Botany
      5. 4.13.5 Entomology
      6. 4.13.6 Spider’s Web
      7. 4.13.7 Bird Vision
      8. 4.13.8 UV Astrophotography
      9. 4.13.9 Other Areas
    14. 4.14 References
    15. 4.15 Bibliography
    16. 4.16 Resources
  12. 5. Ultraviolet Fluorescence Photography
    1. 5.1 Overview
    2. 5.1.1 Atoms
    3. 5.2 Stokes’ Law
      1. 5.3 Basic Principles
      2. 5.3.1 Visible Light Leakage
      3. 5.3.2 Background
      4. 5.3.3 Exposure
    4. 5.4 Lighting
      1. 5.4.1 UV Sources for Fluorescence Photography
      2. 5.4.2 Gas Discharge Lamps
      3. 5.4.3 Fluorescent Strip
      4. 5.4.4 Laser
      5. 5.4.5 Light-Emitting Diode
      6. 5.4.6 Electronic Flash
    5. 5.5 Control Images
    6. 5.6 Case Study: Photographing Mineral Fluorescence
    7. 5.7 Some Applications of UV Fluorescence Photography
      1. 5.7.1 Mineralogy
      2. 5.7.2 Amber
      3. 5.7.3 Medical
      4. 5.7.4 Fluorescein Fluorescence
      5. 5.7.5 Hygiene
      6. 5.7.6 Crack Detection in Metal
      7. 5.7.7 Art Research and Analysis
      8. 5.7.8 Security
      9. 5.7.9 Forensic
      10. 5.7.10 Botany
      11. 5.7.11 Wood
      12. 5.7.12 Lichens
      13. 5.7.13 Corals and Other Underwater Subjects
      14. 5.7.14 Fruit
      15. 5.7.15 Mould on Citrus fruits
      16. 5.7.16 Other Moulds
      17. 5.7.17 Quinine
      18. 5.7.18 Zoology
      19. 5.7.19 Fluorescence Microscopy
      20. 5.7.20 Eggs
      21. 5.7.21 Uranium Glass
      22. 5.7.22 Philately
      23. 5.7.23 Creative
    8. 5.8 References
    9. 5.9 Bibliography
  13. 6. Infrared Photography
    1. 6.1 Overview
    2. 6.2 Analogue Infrared Photography
      1. 6.2.1 False Colour IR Film
      2. 6.2.2 Simulation of IR Colour Film with Digital Cameras
    3. 6.3 The Infrared Spectrum
    4. 6.4 Basic Principles of IR Photography
    5. 6.5 Lens Filters
    6. 6.6 Lenses and Hot spots
    7. 6.7 Resolution in IR Photography
    8. 6.8 Focusing
    9. 6.9 Sources of Infrared
      1. 6.9.1 Daylight
      2. 6.9.2 Halogen
      3. 6.9.3 Fluorescent
      4. 6.9.4 Electronic Flash
      5. 6.9.5 Incandescent
      6. 6.9.6 Light-Emitting Diode (LED)
    10. 6.10 Exposure and Metering
    11. 6.11 ISO
    12. 6.12 Control Images
    13. 6.13 White Balance
      1. 6.13.1 Adobe DNG Profile Editor
    14. 6.14 Video Recording
    15. 6.15 Different Subjects
      1. 6.15.1 Foliage
      2. 6.15.2 Human Skin
      3. 6.15.3 Fabric
      4. 6.15.4 Water
      5. 6.15.5 The Sky and Clouds
      6. 6.15.6 Rock
      7. 6.15.7 Glass
    16. 6.16 IR Landscape Photography
      1. 6.16.1 High Dynamic Range Imaging (HDR)
      2. 6.16.2 Haze Penetration in Landscapes
      3. 6.16.3 Halation
    17. 6.17 False (Faux) Colour IR
      1. 6.17.1 Technique for Channel Swapping
    18. 6.18 Portraiture
    19. 6.19 Weddings
    20. 6.20 Art
    21. 6.21 Sport
    22. 6.22 Wildlife Observation and Recording
      1. 6.22.1 IR Recording
      2. 6.22.2 Practical Operation
    23. 6.23 Surveillance and Security Cameras
    24. 6.24 Forensic Imaging
    25. 6.25 Thermal Imaging
    26. 6.26 IR Astrophotography
    27. 6.27 IR and Drones
    28. 6.28 IR Luminescence (Fluorescence) Photography
    29. 6.28.1 Basic Principles
    30. 6.29 References
    31. 6.30 Bibliography
  14. 7. Specialist Applications and Multispectral Imaging
    1. 7.1 Overview
    2. 7.2 Cultural Heritage
    3. 7.3 UV
      1. 7.3.1 Other Types of Artwork
      2. 7.3.2 Paper
      3. 7.3.3 Textiles
      4. 7.3.4 Marble, Jade, Ivory
    4. 7.4 Infrared
      1. 7.4.1 Foxing
      2. 7.4.2 IR Luminescence
    5. 7.5 Multispectral Imaging
      1. 7.5.1 Case Study: The Archimedes Palimpsest
    6. 7.6 Forensic Photography
      1. 7.6.1 Lasers
      2. 7.6.2 Light-Emitting Diode
      3. 7.6.3 Visualisation of Finger Marks
      4. 7.6.4 Visualisation of Shoe Marks
      5. 7.6.5 Detection of Blood
      6. 7.6.6 Ink
      7. 7.6.7 Paint
      8. 7.6.8 Other Stains
    7. 7.7 Medical Photography
    8. 7.8 Multispectral Imaging - Biological Subjects
      1. 7.8.1 Image] Software
    9. 7.9 References
    10. 7.10 Bibliography
    11. 7.11 Resources
  15. 8. Processing UV and IR Images
    1. 8.1 Overview
    2. 8.2 Image Processing Programs
    3. 8.3 Computer Hardware
      1. 8.3.1 The Computer
      2. 8.3.2 The Monitor
    4. 8.4 Image Size
    5. 8.5 Sharpening Images
    6. 8.6 Image File Formats
      1. 8.6.1 JPEG Versus Raw Files
      2. 8.6.2 TIFF Files
      3. 8.6.3 DNG File Format
    7. 8.7 Bit Depth
    8. 8.8 Filing and Archiving
      1. 8.8.1 Naming and Keywording
    9. 8.9 Image Modes
    10. 8.10 Basic Colour Theory
    11. 8.11 Adobe Camera Raw
    12. 8.12 Image Enhancement in Photoshop
    13. 8.13 Histogram
    14. 8.14 The Tone Curve (‘Curves’)
    15. 8.15 Selections
    16. 8.16 Noise Reduction
    17. 8.17 Retouching
    18. 8.18 Layers
    19. 8.19 ‘Creative’ Processing
    20. 8.20 Saving
    21. 8.21 Creating a Photoshop Action
    22. 8.22 Making Composites
    23. 8.23 Bibliography
  16. Glossary
  17. Index