Chapter 10

Gene Silencing

A Novel Cellular Defense Mechanism Improving Plant Productivity under Environmental Stresses

Renu Bhardwaj, Puja Ohri, Ravinderjit Kaur, Amandeep Rattan, Dhriti Kapoor, Shagun Bali, Parminder Kaur, Anjali Khajuria and Ravinder Singh

Pests and pathogens have become tolerant to the use of conventional methods to improve agricultural production. This has resulted in low yields of crops worldwide. Currently, genetic engineering is being employed to enhance yields both quantitatively and qualitatively. RNA interference is one such novel cellular process in functional genomics. It is triggered by short double-stranded RNA molecules referred to as small interfering RNAs that target and degrade complementary mRNAs and are controlled ...

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