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Essentials of Chemical Reaction Engineering, 2nd Edition by H. Scott Fogler

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9.4 Bioreactors and Biosynthesis

A bioreactor is a reactor that sustains and supports life for cells and tissue cultures. Virtually all cellular reactions necessary to maintain life are mediated by enzymes as they catalyze various aspects of cell metabolism such as the transformation of chemical energy and the construction, breakdown, and digestion of cellular components. Because enzymatic reactions are involved in the growth of microorganisms (biomass), we now proceed to study microbial growth and bioreactors. Not surprisingly, the Monod equation, which describes the growth law for a number of bacteria and microorganisms, is similar to the Michaelis–Menten equation. Consequently, even though bioreactors are not truly homogeneous because of ...

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