1. Define runtime environment. What are the issues in runtime environment?
Ans: The source language definition contains various abstractions such as names, data types, scopes, bindings, operators, parameters, procedures, and flow of control constructs. These abstractions must be implemented by the compiler. To implement these abstractions on target machine, compiler needs to cooperate with the operating system and other system software. For the successful execution of the program, compiler needs to create and manage a runtime environment, which broadly describes all the runtime settings for the execution of programs.
In case of compilation of a program, the runtime environment is indirectly controlled by generating ...