CHAPTER 30

LATIN AMERICAN ENVIRONMENTAL COMPLIANCE: ENVIRONMENTAL BIOTECHNOLOGY

Hélen de Aguiar

Luiz Mário Queiroz Lima, EngD

Luiz Glück Lima

Oneglia Andrade Cavalcanti

30.1 ENVIRONMENT AND INDUSTRIALIZATION

(a) Impacts on the Economy

(i) Globalization Barriers

(ii) Reduction in Life Quality

30.2 ENVIRONMENTAL BIOTECHNOLOGY ROLE

(a) Environmental Biotechnology Applied to Waste Treatment

(b) Bioremediation

(c) Bioremediation of City Waste Disposal Sites

(d) Bioremediation of Industrial Wastes

30.3 ENVIRONMENTAL BIOTECHNOLOGY APPLIED TO SEWAGE TREATMENT

30.4 ENVIRONMENTAL BIOTECHNOLOGY APPLIED TO REFORESTATION

30.5 LEGISLATION

REFERENCES

The economic and social situation worldwide has required a new behavior from the production sector. What seemed to be correct or justifiable before is now demanding to be deeply revised. According to Lima (2001), "the new economic, social, ecological, political, and technological order presents significant changes of paradigms, which are the barriers that have to be pulled down in the Third Millennium. For this reason, topics like environment, ecology, waste treatment, etc., are not the dream of some visionaries anymore, demanding holistic solutions, implemented on a spectrum of wider amplitude, including a global view, different from previous behaviors, which mostly consisted in a focal and fragmented view; therefore, very simple in most perspectives, in particular in the art of living in the urban environment."

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