Named Frame or Window Targets
As we discussed earlier in section 11.4.1, you can label a
frame by adding the
name attribute to
<frame> tag. Once named, the frame may become the destination display
window for a hyperlinked document selected within a document displayed
in some other frame. You accomplish this redirection by adding the
target attribute to the
anchor that references the document.
The target Attribute for the <a> Tag
If you include a
attribute within an
the browser loads and displays the document named in the tag’s
href attribute in a frame or window
name matches the target. If
the named frame or window doesn’t exist, the browser opens a new
window, gives it the specified label, and loads the new document into
that window. Once this process has been completed, linked documents
can target the new window.
Targeted hyperlinks make it easy to create effective navigational tools. A simple table of contents document, for example, might redirect documents into a separate window:
<h3>Table of Contents</h3> <ul> <li><a href="pref.html" target="view_window">Preface</a> <li><a href="chap1.html" target="view_window">Chapter 1</a> <li><a href="chap2.html" target="view_window">Chapter 2</a> <li><a href="chap3.html" target="view_window">Chapter 3</a> </ul>
The first time the user selects one of the table-of-contents
hyperlinks the browser opens a new window, labels it
view_window, and displays the desired document’s contents inside it. If the user selects ...