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Internet of Things and Data Analytics Handbook by Hwaiyu Geng

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13NETWORKING PROTOCOLS AND STANDARDS FOR INTERNET OF THINGS

TARA SALMAN AND RAJ JAIN

Department of Computer Science Engineering, Washington University, St. Louis, MO, USA

13.1 INTRODUCTION

Internet of Things (IoT) and its protocols are among the most highly funded topics in both industry and academia. The rapid evolution of the mobile Internet, mini‐hardware manufacturing, microcomputing, and machine‐to‐machine (M2M) communication has enabled the IoT technologies. According to Gartner, IoT is currently on the top of their hype cycle, which implies that a large amount of money is being invested on it by the industry. Billions of dollars are being spent on IoT enabling technologies and research, while much more is expected to come in the upcoming years [1].

IoT technologies allow things, or devices that are not computers, to act smartly and make collaborative decisions that are beneficial to certain applications. They allow things to hear, see, think, or act by allowing them to communicate and coordinate with others in order to make decisions that can be as critical as saving lives or buildings. They transform “things” from being passively computing and making individual decisions to actively and ubiquitously communicating and collaborating to make a single critical decision. The underlying technologies of ubiquitous computing, embedded sensors, light communication, and Internet protocols allow IoT to provide its significance; however, they impose lots of challenges and introduce ...

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