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Internet of Things and Data Analytics Handbook by Hwaiyu Geng

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33INTERNET OF THINGS (IoT)‐BASED CYBER–PHYSICAL FRAMEWORKS FOR ADVANCED MANUFACTURING AND MEDICINE

J. CECIL

Computer Science Department, Center for Cyber Physical Systems, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK, USA

33.1 INTRODUCTION

The term Internet of Things (IoT) is becoming popular in the context of the ongoing IT revolution which has created a greater awareness of emerging and smart technologies as well as phenomenal interest in IT‐based products in the world community. IoT can be described as the network of physical objects or “things” embedded with electronics, software, sensors, and connectivity to enable it to achieve greater value and service by exchanging data with the manufacturer, operator, and/or other connected devices [1]. In a nutshell, IoT refers to the complex network of software and physical entities which are embedded or implemented within sensors, smartphones, tables, computers, electronic products as well as other devices which have software elements to perform computing or noncomputing activities [2, 3]. These entities are the “things” referred to in the term “Internet of Things” which are expected to be capable of collaborating with other similar entities as part of the Internet and other cyber infrastructure at various levels of abstraction and network connectivity. The underlying assumption is that by interacting with each other, a large range of services can be provided using this network of collaborations. This subsequently enables these entities ...

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