O'Reilly logo

Magnetic Materials and 3D Finite Element Modeling by Nelson Sadowski, João A. Bastos

Stay ahead with the world's most comprehensive technology and business learning platform.

With Safari, you learn the way you learn best. Get unlimited access to videos, live online training, learning paths, books, tutorials, and more.

Start Free Trial

No credit card required

5.4 NUMERICAL INTEGRATION

When calculating, for example, the first term of Equation 5.69, it is necessary to evaluate the following integral:

ρ D 0 1 0 1 - v ( 1 - u - v ) d u d v = ρ D 0 1 ( u - u 2 2 - u v ) 0 1 - v d v
= ρ D 0 1 ( 1 - v - ( 1 - v ) 2 2 - v ( 1 - v ) ) d v = p D 6

which is the result shown in Equation 5.69.

It is clear from the example earlier that even for the very simple 2D element, the integration requires much work. This is in spite of the fact that the det J is a constant. For second‐order elements, the shape functions are much more complex and det J is not necessarily constant. Therefore, in general, it is practically impossible to evaluate ...

With Safari, you learn the way you learn best. Get unlimited access to videos, live online training, learning paths, books, interactive tutorials, and more.

Start Free Trial

No credit card required