O'Reilly logo

Perl Cookbook by Nathan Torkington, Tom Christiansen

Stay ahead with the world's most comprehensive technology and business learning platform.

With Safari, you learn the way you learn best. Get unlimited access to videos, live online training, learning paths, books, tutorials, and more.

Start Free Trial

No credit card required

Finding Your Own Name and Address

Problem

You want to find your (fully qualified) hostname.

Solution

First, get your (possibly qualified) hostname. Either try the standard Sys::Hostname module:

use Sys::Hostname;

$hostname = hostname();

or POSIX’s uname function:

use POSIX qw(uname);
($kernel, $hostname, $release, $version, $hardware) = uname();

$hostname = (uname)[1];             # or just one

Then turn it into an IP address and convert to its canonical name:

use Socket;                         # for AF_INET
$address  = gethostbyname($hostname)
    or die "Couldn't resolve $hostname : $!";
$hostname = gethostbyaddr($address, AF_INET)
    or die "Couldn't re-resolve $hostname : $!";

Discussion

Sys::Hostname tries to be portable by using knowledge about your system to decide how best to find the hostname. It tries many different ways of getting the hostname, but several involve running other programs. This can lead to tainted data (see Section 19.1).

POSIX::uname, on the other hand, only works on POSIX systems and isn’t guaranteed to provide anything useful in the nodename field that we are examining. That said, the value is useful on many machines and doesn’t suffer from the tainted data problem that Sys::Hostname does.

Once you have the name, though, you must consider that it might be missing a domain name. For instance, Sys::Hostname may return you guanaco instead of guanaco.camelids.org. To fix this, convert the name back into an IP address with gethostbyname and then back into a name again with gethostbyaddr. By involving the ...

With Safari, you learn the way you learn best. Get unlimited access to videos, live online training, learning paths, books, interactive tutorials, and more.

Start Free Trial

No credit card required