Each naming service has its own mechanism for supplying a name. Perhaps the most familiar naming convention is that of DNS, where every machine connected to the Internet has a unique name and address. Most readers should recognize the following as a host name used by DNS:
In contrast, LDAP names are based on the X.500 standard and use distinguished names that look like the following fictitious example:
cn=Martin Bond, ou=Authors, o=SAMS, c=us
This format will also be familiar to users of Microsoft's Active Directory service, whose naming system is also based on X.500 but uses a forward slash to separate the various name components:
These last two naming conventions ...