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Sendmail, 3rd Edition by Bryan Costales

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Chapter 20. The M (Mail Delivery Agent) Configuration Command

Other than relaying mail via SMTP or LMTP, the sendmail program does not perform the actual delivery of mail.[1] Instead, it calls other programs (called mail delivery agents) to perform that service. Because the mechanics of delivery can vary so widely from delivery agent to delivery agent, sendmail needs a great deal of information about each delivery agent. Each sendmail M configuration command defines a mail delivery agent and the information that sendmail needs.

[1] For the purpose of this discussion, we gloss over the fact that sendmail actually can deliver directly to files (Section 12.2.2).

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