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Swift Functional Programming - Second Edition by Dr. Fatih Nayebi

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The reduce function

The reduce function is a higher-order function that reduces an array to a single value. It takes two parameters: a starting value and a function, which takes a running total and an element of the arrays as parameters and returns a new running total. Consider the following example:

let total = numbers.reduce(0) { $0 + $1 } 

The map, filter, and reduce functions accept a closure as the last parameter, so we were able to use the trailing closure syntax. These higher-order functions will be covered in detail in Chapter 6, Map, Filter, and Reduce.

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