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Web Programming with HTML5, CSS, and JavaScript by Dean

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1.11 History of HTML

In 1989, to help with collaborative research at CERN (the European Laboratory for Particle Physics in Geneva, Switzerland), Tim Berners-Lee came up with the idea of adding “hypertext links” to research papers, so when one paper referred to another, the reader could click the link and quickly go to the other paper. From 1989–1991, Berners-Lee was quite prolific: (1) He designed HTML, with hypertext links as the key feature, (2) he designed the concepts behind the World Wide Web, including the HTTP protocol, and (3) he created a prototype browser for surfing the Internet with HTML web pages. In 1993, Tim Berners-Lee and Dan Connolly submitted the first formal proposal for HTML to the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). ...

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