Chapter 10. Proxies
Proxy means to act on behalf of another. In the context of a Web server, this means one server fetching content from another server, then returning it to the client. For example, you may have several Web servers that hide behind a proxy server. The proxy server is responsible for making sure requests go to the right backend server.
mod_proxy, which comes with Apache, handles proxying behavior. The recipes in this chapter cover various techniques that can be used to take advantage of this capability. We discuss securing your proxy server, caching content proxied through your server, and ways to use mod_proxy to map requests to services running on alternate ports.
Additional information about mod_proxy can be found at http://httpd.apache.org/docs/mod/mod_proxy.html for Apache 1.3, or http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.0/mod/mod_proxy.html for Apache 2.0.
Apache 2.2 introduces a number of submodules, such as mod_proxy_balancer, which give additional functionality to mod_proxy. These will be discussed in this chapter, too.
Please make sure that you don’t enable proxying until you understand the security concerns involved and have taken steps to secure your proxy server. (See Recipe 6.20 for details.)
You also may wish to consider a dedicated proxy server, such as Squid (http://www.squid-cache.org), which is focused entirely on one task, and thus has more options related to this task.
10.1. Securing Your Proxy Server
You want to enable proxying, but you don’t want an ...