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Biofuels for Aviation by Christopher Chuck

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Chapter 8

Pyrolysis of Biomass for Aviation Fuel

R.W. Jenkins1, A.D. Sutton1 and D.J. Robichaud2,    1Chemistry Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM, United States,    2National Bioenergy Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, United States

Abstract

Pyrolysis, the breaking down of organic material using heat and the absence of oxygen, is a method that has been widely researched for the production of liquid fuels. In this chapter, we review the feedstocks typically used for pyrolysis, the properties and the composition of the liquid fraction (termed ‘bio-oil’) obtained, the studies in which pyrolysis has been used in an attempt to increase the bio-oil yield, and how the bio-oil has been upgraded to fuel-like ...

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