JOANN CARMIN is assistant professor of environmental policy and planning in the Department of Urban Studies and Planning at Massachusetts Institute of Technology. She worked on portions of this volume while a visiting research scholar in residence at Duke University's Center for Environmental Solutions. She conducts research and has authored numerous publications on the role that nongovernmental organizations and other civil society actors play in environmental policy, planning, and sustainable development initiatives in the United States and Eastern Europe.

TOMAS M. KOONTZ is associate professor of environmental and natural resource policy in the School of Natural Resources at the Ohio State University. His primary research ...

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