Smart Urban Infrastructure as an Enabler of the Integration of Resident-Oriented Services
This chapter describes an approach to smart cities, which are being developed throughout the world to meet the demographic trend of urbanization. This approach, termed smart urban infrastructure, provides a common platform, which accommodate different applications for urban life services provided to the residents. The core of the common platform resides in the fusion of control and information systems, which forms city management infrastructure. Examples of smart city development projects in Japan, China, Spain, and Hawaii are also described.
The twenty-first century has brought with it three new global trends in urban development: