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Head First Java, 2nd Edition by Bert Bates, Kathy Sierra

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Chapter 14. Serialization and File I/O: Saving Objects

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Objects can be flattened and inflated. Objects have state and behavior. Behavior lives in the class, but state lives within each individual object. So what happens when it’s time to save the state of an object? If you’re writing a game, you’re gonna need a Save/ Restore Game feature. If you’re writing an app that creates charts, you’re gonna need a Save/ Open File feature. If your program needs to save state, you can do it the hard way, interrogating each object, then painstakingly writing the value of each instance variable to a file, in a format you create. Or, you can do it the easy OO way—you simply freeze-dry/flatten/persist/ dehydrate the object itself, and reconstitute/inflate/restore/rehydrate it to get it back. But you’ll still have to do it the hard way sometimes, especially when the file your app saves has to be read by some other non-Java application, so we’ll look at both in this chapter.

Capture the Beat

You’ve made the perfect pattern. You want to save the pattern. You could grab a piece of paper and start scribbling it down, but instead you hit the Save button (or choose Save from the File menu). Then you give it a name, pick a directory, and exhale knowing that your masterpiece won’t go out the window with the blue screen of death.

You have lots of options for how to save the state of your Java program, and what ...

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