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Informatics for Health Professionals

Book Description

Provides healthcare students and professionals with the foundational knowledge to integrate informatics principles into clinical practice. Key content focuses on current informatics research and practice including but not limited to: technology trends, information security advances, health information exchanges, care coordination, transition technologies, ethical and legislative aspects, social media use, mobile health, bioinformatics, knowledge management, data mining, and more. Helpful learning tools include case studies, provoking questions to prompt discussion and application of the material learned, research briefs to encourage the reader to access current research, and call-outs which focus on cutting-edge innovations, meaningful use, and patient safety.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover Page
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Contents
  5. Preface
  6. Acknowledgments
  7. Contributors
  8. A Visual Walkthrough
  9. Section I: Building Blocks of Health Informatics
    1. 1 Informatics, Disciplinary Science, and the Foundation of Knowledge
      1. Introduction
      2. The DIKW Paradigm
      3. The Foundation of Knowledge Model
      4. Core Informatics Competencies
      5. Summary
      6. Thought-Provoking Questions
      7. Apply Your Knowledge
      8. References
    2. 2 Introduction to Information, Information Science, and Information Systems
      1. Introduction
      2. Information
      3. Information Science
      4. Information Processing
      5. Information Science and the Foundation of Knowledge
      6. Introduction to Information Systems
      7. Information Systems
      8. Summary
      9. Thought-Provoking Questions
      10. Apply Your Knowledge
      11. References
    3. 3 Computer Science and the Foundation of Knowledge Model
      1. Introduction
      2. The Computer as a Tool for Managing Information and Generating Knowledge
      3. Computer Components
      4. What is the Relationship of Computer Science to Knowledge?
      5. How Does the Computer Support Collaboration and Information Exchange?
      6. What is the Human–Technology Interface?
      7. Looking to the Future
      8. Summary
      9. Thought-Provoking Questions
      10. Apply Your Knowledge
      11. Additional Resources
      12. References
    4. 4 Introduction to Cognitive Science and Cognitive Informatics
      1. Introduction
      2. Cognitive Science
      3. Sources of Knowledge
      4. Nature of Knowledge
      5. How Knowledge and Wisdom are used in Decision Making
      6. Cognitive Informatics
      7. Cognitive Informatics and Health Care Practice
      8. What is Artificial Intelligence?
      9. Summary
      10. Thought-Provoking Questions
      11. Apply Your Knowledge
      12. References
    5. 5 Ethical and Legal Aspects of Health Informatics
      1. Introduction
      2. Ethics
      3. Ethical Dilemmas and Morals
      4. Ethical Decision Making
      5. Theoretical Approaches to Health Care Ethics
      6. Applying Ethics to Informatics
      7. Case Analysis Demonstration
      8. New Frontiers in Ethical Issues
      9. Legal Aspects of Health Informatics
      10. Overview of the HITECH Act
      11. How the HITECH Act Changed HIPAA
      12. Implications for Practice
      13. Ethical and Legal Issues and Social Media
      14. Summary
      15. Thought-Provoking Questions
      16. Apply Your Knowledge
      17. Additional Resources
      18. References
  10. Section II: Choosing and Using Information Systems
    1. 6 Systems Development Life Cycle
      1. Introduction
      2. Waterfall Model
      3. Rapid Prototyping or Rapid Application Development
      4. Object-Oriented Systems Development
      5. Dynamic System Development Method
      6. Computer-Aided Software Engineering Tools
      7. Open-Source Software and Free/Open-Source Software
      8. Interoperability
      9. Summary
      10. Thought-Provoking Questions
      11. Apply Your Knowledge
      12. References
    2. 7 Administrative Information Systems
      1. Introduction
      2. Types of Health Care Organization Information Systems
      3. Communication Systems
      4. Core Business Systems
      5. Order Entry Systems
      6. Patient Care Support Systems
      7. Department Collaboration and Exchange of Knowledge and Information
      8. Summary
      9. Thought-Provoking Questions
      10. Apply Your Knowledge
      11. References
    3. 8 The Human–Technology Interface
      1. Introduction
      2. The Human–Technology Interface
      3. The Human–Technology Interface Problem
      4. Improving the Human–Technology Interface
      5. A Framework for Evaluation
      6. Future of the Human–Technology Interface
      7. Summary
      8. Thought-Provoking Questions
      9. Apply Your Knowledge
      10. Additional Resources
      11. References
    4. 9 Electronic Security
      1. Introduction
      2. Securing Network Information
      3. Authentication of Users
      4. Threats to Security
      5. Security Tools
      6. Off-Site Use of Portable Devices
      7. Summary
      8. Thought-Provoking Questions
      9. Apply Your Knowledge
      10. Additional Resources
      11. References
    5. 10 Work Flow and Meaningful Use
      1. Introduction
      2. Work Flow Analysis Purpose
      3. Work Flow and Technology
      4. Work Flow Analysis and Informatics Practice
      5. Informatics as a Change Agent
      6. Measuring the Results
      7. Future Directions
      8. Summary
      9. Thought-Provoking Questions
      10. Apply Your Knowledge
      11. Additional Resources
      12. References
  11. Section III: Informatics Applications For Care Delivery
    1. 11 The Electronic Health Record and Clinical Informatics
      1. Introduction
      2. Setting the Stage
      3. Components of Electronic Health Records
      4. Advantages of Electronic Health Records
      5. Ownership of Electronic Health Records
      6. Flexibility and Expandability of Electronic Health Records
      7. The Future
      8. Summary
      9. Thought-Provoking Questions
      10. Apply Your Knowledge
      11. References
    2. 12 Informatics Tools to Promote Patient Safety, Quality Outcomes, and Interdisciplinary Collaboration
      1. Introduction
      2. What is a Culture of Safety?
      3. Strategies for Developing a Safety Culture
      4. Informatics Technologies for Patient Safety
      5. Interdisciplinary Collaboration
      6. Role of the Health Informaticist
      7. Summary
      8. Thought-Provoking Questions
      9. Apply Your Knowledge
      10. Additional Resources
      11. References
    3. 13 Patient Engagement and Connected Health
      1. Introduction
      2. Consumer Demand for Health Information
      3. Health Literacy and Health Initiatives
      4. Health Care Organization Approaches to Engagement
      5. Promoting Health Literacy in School-Aged Children
      6. Supporting Use of the Internet for Health Education
      7. Future Directions for Engaging Patients
      8. Telehealth: A Tool for Connected Health
      9. Telehealth Care
      10. Tools of Home Telehealth
      11. The Patient’s Role in Telehealth
      12. Health Care in the Future
      13. Summary
      14. Thought-Provoking Questions
      15. Apply Your Knowledge
      16. Additional Resources
      17. References
    4. 14 Using Informatics to Promote Community/Population Health
      1. Introduction
      2. Core Public Health Functions
      3. Community Health Risk Assessment: Tools for Acquiring Knowledge
      4. Processing Knowledge and Information to Support Epidemiology and Monitoring Disease Outbreaks
      5. Applying Knowledge to Health Disaster Planning and Preparation
      6. Informatics Tools to Support Communication and Dissemination
      7. Using Feedback to Improve Responses and Promote Readiness
      8. Summary
      9. Thought-Provoking Questions
      10. Apply Your Knowledge
      11. References
  12. SECTION IV: Advanced Concepts in Health Informatics
    1. 15 Informatics Tools to Support Health Care Professional Education and Continuing Education
      1. Introduction: Professional Education and the Foundation of Knowledge Model
      2. Knowledge Acquisition and Sharing
      3. Hardware and Software Considerations
      4. Delivery Modalities
      5. Technology Tools Supporting Education
      6. Internet-Based Tools
      7. Promoting Active and Collaborative Learning
      8. Knowledge Dissemination and Sharing
      9. Fair use and Copyright Restrictions
      10. The Future
      11. Summary
      12. Thought-Provoking Questions
      13. Apply Your Knowledge
      14. Additional Resources
      15. References
    2. 16 Data Mining as a Research Tool
      1. Introduction: Big Data, Data Mining, and Knowledge Discovery
      2. KDD and Research
      3. Data Mining Concepts
      4. Data Mining Techniques
      5. Data Mining Models
      6. Ethics of Data Mining
      7. Summary
      8. Thought-Provoking Questions
      9. Apply Your Knowledge
      10. Additional Resources
      11. References
    3. 17 Finding, Understanding, and Applying Research Evidence in Practice
      1. Introduction
      2. Information Literacy
      3. Acquiring Knowledge Through Internet and Library Holdings
      4. Information Sharing and Fair Use
      5. Clarification of Research Terms
      6. History of EBP
      7. Evidence
      8. Bridging the Gap Between Research and Practice
      9. Barriers to and Facilitators of EBP
      10. Informatics Tools to Support EBP
      11. Developing EBP Guidelines
      12. Meta-Analysis and the Generation of Knowledge
      13. The Future
      14. Summary
      15. Thought-Provoking Questions
      16. Apply Your Knowledge
      17. Additional Resources
      18. References
    4. 18 Bioinformatics, Biomedical Informatics, and Computational Biology
      1. Introduction
      2. Bioinformatics, Biomedical Informatics, and Computational Biology Defined
      3. Why are Bioinformatics and Biomedical Informatics so Important?
      4. What Does the Future Hold?
      5. Summary
      6. Thought-Provoking Questions
      7. Apply Your Knowledge
      8. References
  13. SECTION V: Practice in the Future
    1. 19 The Art of Delivering Patient-Centered Care in Technology-Laden Environments
      1. Introduction
      2. Caring Theories
      3. Presence
      4. Strategies for Enhancing Caring Presence
      5. Reflective Practice
      6. Summary
      7. Thought-Provoking Questions
      8. Apply Your Knowledge
      9. Additional Resources
      10. References
    2. 20 Generating and Managing Organizational Knowledge
      1. Introduction
      2. Foundation of Knowledge Model Revisited
      3. Knowledge Use in Practice
      4. Managing Knowledge Across Disciplines
      5. Summary
      6. Thought-Provoking Questions
      7. Apply Your Knowledge
      8. References
  14. A Allied Health Professional Organizations
  15. B Emerging Health Care Technologies by Discipline
  16. Abbreviations
  17. Glossary
  18. Index