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Information Literacy in the Digital Age by Melissa Wright, Teresa Welsh

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6

Network literacy: database searching

Knowledge is of two kinds. We know a subject ourselves, or we know where we can find information on it. (Samuel Johnson)

What is a database?

Data are raw facts. A database is a collection of digital items, a ‘large, regularly updated file of digitized information.’1

The two most common types of databases are bibliographic and full-text:

image A bibliographic database contains electronic entries called records containing a uniform description of a specific document, usually retrievable by author, title, subject heading (descriptor), or keyword(s), and usually containing citations and abstracts or summaries ...

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