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Information Literacy in the Digital Age by Melissa Wright, Teresa Welsh

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8

Network literacy: the Internet and the World Wide Web

The Internet is becoming the town square for the global village of tomorrow. (Bill Gates)

When and why was the first computer network developed?

ARPAnet

Just as the Second World War accelerated the development of modern computers, the Cold War fueled the development of the Internet. Although scientists who worked on the network claim that their purpose was to share computer resources, the US Department of Defense funded it as a research project to enhance national defense.

The post-Second World War Cold War climate in the US was marked by fear of Russian communist expansion and aggression after Russia tested its first atomic bomb in 1949. This fear was intensified when Russia launched ...

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