Mobile IP

In the past, we were used to making phone calls from home or from the office. Public phones allowed us to make phone calls while on the road.Today, the use of mobile phones is common and we make phone calls from almost anywhere and in any life situation. The use of notebook computers, wireless networks, and portable devices is expanding, and we can imagine having mobile phones or PDAs with IP addresses and using them from wherever we are. If these devices are to use IP as a transport protocol, we need Mobile IP to make this work. We expect our network communication to reconnect automatically and without interaction when we move around and change our point of attachment to the network, just as we are used to roaming from one cell to the next with our mobile phones today. For example, suppose you have a PDA with an 802.11 (wireless) interface and a General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) interface. In your hotel room, you are connected to the network through your wireless interface; when you leave your room and go out to the street, you switch automatically to GPRS without losing your connection. All the applications running on your PDA stay up. Isn’t this cool? This section about Mobile IP explores the mechanisms needed and shows how IPv6 is ready for this challenge.

With IPv4 and IPv6, the subnet address or prefix address changes depending on the network we are attached to. When a mobile node changes its point of access to the network, it will most likely need to get a new ...

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