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JUNOS High Availability by Orin Blomberg, Senad Palislamovic, Kieran Milne, James Sonderegger

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Syslog Configuration

System logging, or syslog, is a commonly implemented standard for managing and monitoring devices in a network. In many ways, syslog behaves similarly to SNMP traps. When specific events occur, syslog triggers messages that are logged on the local chassis and that are typically also sent to a syslog server. While syslog does have a number of recognized limitations, it is appropriate for multivendor environments because it is standardized by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) and is widely supported among network hardware vendors.

Syslog in JUNOS

In a JUNOS system, logs can be stored on the local chassis, written to the screen of an active user, or written to a remote device. In the following configuration sample, user Pike_Vaughn sees syslog messages of facility (category) any and severity info on his screen when he is logged into the chassis. The host machine at 192.168.17.17 receives system log notices sourced from IP address 10.0.0.5.

As with SNMP, defining the source IP is critical because many syslog servers filter entries based on their source. Definition of source IP is also necessary if you use event correlation tools to parse and analyze entries written to a syslog server. Without a specified source-address, the outbound interface is used as the source of the syslog send back to the server. Depending on what form of management is used (in-band versus OoB), that OoB interface could potentially change in times of network trouble:

[edit system syslog] ...

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