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Managing & Using MySQL, 2nd Edition by Hugh E. Williams, Randy Yarger, George Reese, Tim King

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Numeric Data Types

MySQL supports all ANSI SQL2 numeric data types. MySQL numeric types break down into two groups: integer and floating point. Within each group, the types differ by the amount of storage required for them.

Numeric types allow you to specify a display size, which affects the way MySQL displays results. The display size bears no relation to the internal storage provided by each data type. In addition, the floating types allow you to optionally specify the number of digits that follow the decimal point. In such cases, the digits value should be an integer from 0 to 30 and at most two less than the display size. If you do make the digits value greater than two less than the display size, the display size will automatically change to two more than the digits value. For instance, MySQL automatically changes FLOAT(6,5) to FLOAT(7,5).

When you insert a value into a column that requires more storage than the data type allows, it will be clipped to the minimum (negative values) or maximum (positive values) value for that data type. MySQL will issue a warning when such clipping occurs during ALTER TABLE, LOAD DATA INFILE, UPDATE, and multirow INSERT statements.

The AUTO_INCREMENT attribute may be supplied for at most one column of an integer type in a table. The UNSIGNED attribute may be used with any numeric type. An unsigned column may contain only positive integers or floating-point values. The ZEROFILL attribute indicates that the column should be left padded with zeros ...

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