In recent history, computers have changed our view of systems design. Mass data, machine learning, artificial intelligence (AI), and the Internet of Things (IoT) have further optimized and revolutionized the system’s design. The new and immersive technologies transformed our understanding of systems architecture and design. They brought along a new framework to describe systems that are often labeled as “intelligent” or “smart.”

But what exactly makes a system smart or intelligent?

“Smart” and “intelligent” are words that are a part of our everyday language. At first glance, they might seem easily interchangeable. However, there is a difference between what we mean and how we use these words. In other words, the distinction is ...

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