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Sustainable Environmental Engineering by Mika Sillanpää, Walter Z. Tang

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4Integrated and Interconnected Systems

All the things are eternally connected with everything.

4.1 Principle 1

Population growth, increasing living standards, and urbanization under climate change require integrated and interconnected sustainable EEIS. EEISs should be integrated and interconnected for sustainable development (NSF et al., 2015). For example, integrated plan is at the core of food–energy–water (FEW) nexus. WRRFs could be integrated with the power infrastructure for the benefit of producing energy. More importantly, the integration would make it possible for WRRFs to operate independently of the electrical grid to increase ...

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