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Ultra-Wideband Communications: Fundamentals and Applications by Faranak Nekoogar

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1.4. UWB Signals

As defined by the FCC's First Report and Order, UWB signals must have bandwidths of greater than 500 MHz or a fractional bandwidth larger than 20 percent at all times of transmission [3]. Fractional bandwidth is a factor used to classify signals as narrowband, wideband, or ultra-wideband and is defined by the ratio of bandwidth at –10 dB points[4] to center frequency. Equation 1-4 shows this relationship.

[4] The –10 dB point represents the spectral power of a signal at 10 dB lower than its peak power.

Equation 1-4

where fh and f1 are the highest and lowest cutoff frequencies (at the –10 dB point) of a UWB pulse spectrum, respectively. ...

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