After studying this chapter, you will be able to
Identify and construct various kinds of scales
Prepare a drawing to scale
Obtain accurate sizes of various parts of an object by scaling from the drawing
Use scales for applications such as preparing and reading maps
A scale can be defined as a ratio of the reduction or enlargement on a map or a drawing. Physically, scales are usually strips made of cardboard, plastic, steel or other such material, with markings that give lengths in a fixed ratio of reduction or enlargement. These scales are available in the market for the standardized ratios as recommended by the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS). For non-standard ratios, scales giving reduced or enlarged ...