Bankruptcy candidates typically fall into one of three categories:
Busted Cash Burners: Newer firms that spend more than they take in are running short of cash, and can’t raise more. These companies have little or no long-term debt because they were originally funded via IPOs and by follow-on stock offerings.
Overburdened Debtors: Typically, large, mature companies with a history of using debt to enhance productivity. Then, something happens, and they can no longer generate sufficient cash to service their debt.
Solvent and/or profitable companies: Established firms that file bankruptcy to avoid crippling lawsuits, such as asbestos-related claims.
Here, we’ll focus on tools to detect the first two categories. ...