Chapter 4. Using a Microscope

Equipment and Materials

You’ll need the following items to complete this lab session. (The standard kit for this book, available from, includes the items listed in the first group.)

Materials from Kit

  • Goggles

  • Forceps

  • Ruler (millimeter scale)

Materials You Provide

  • Gloves

  • Lamp or book light

  • Microscope and illuminator

  • Scissors

  • Slide, prepared (bacteria or diatoms)

  • Specimen: notebook or copy paper

  • Specimen: snippet from cover of this book


Biology as a modern science would not exist without the microscope, just as modern astronomy would not exist without the telescope. Both perform the same function: making the invisible visible. Without microscopes, biologists would be literally blind to the vast ...

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