5 Territorial Urbanization

5.1. Urbanization

Urbanization is a historical movement portraying the increase in the numbers of city dwellers in relation to the general population [VER 07]. In the face of this historical movement, a new field, urbanism, emerged over time, covering the study of the urban phenomenon, the urbanization process and the organization of cities and their territories. This includes the implementation of urban policies in terms of developing public and private spaces, organizing the built environment, socio-economic services and networks in order to achieve a certain harmony between uses and for the sustainable well-being of users.

The urban planners’ goal is thus to give a reading of the city and its territory. These readings should be consistent across the territories, in relation to neighboring territories and in relation to larger-scale territories. More specifically, town planning can cover the regulatory aspects and the operational aspects. ...

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