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Secure Programming Cookbook for C and C++ by Matt Messier, John Viega

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9.1. Creating an SSL Client

Problem

You want to establish a connection from a client to a remote server using SSL.

Solution

Establishing a connection to a remote server using SSL is not entirely different from establishing a connection without using SSL—at least it doesn’t have to be. Establishing an SSL connection requires a little more setup work, consisting primarily of building an spc_x509store_t object (see Recipe 10.5) that contains the information necessary to verify the server. Once this is done, you need to create an SSL_CTX object and attach it to the connection. OpenSSL will handle the rest.

Tip

Before reading this recipe, make sure you understand the basics of public key infrastructure (see Recipe 10.1).

Discussion

Once you’ve created an spc_x509store_t object by loading it with the appropriate certificates and CRLs (see Recipe 10.10 and Recipe 10.11 for information on obtaining CRLs), connecting to a remote server over SSL can be as simple as making a call to the following function, spc_connect_ssl( ) . You can optionally create an SSL_CTX object yourself using spc_create_sslctx( ) or the OpenSSL API. Alternatively, you can share one that has already been created for other connections, or you can let spc_connect_ssl( ) do it for you. In the latter case, the connection will be established and the SSL_CTX object that was created will be returned by way of a pointer to the SSL_CTX object pointer in the function’s argument list.

#include <openssl/bio.h> #include <openssl/ssl.h> ...

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