2

Delocalized Chemical Bonding and Electronic Effects

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

By the end of this chapter you should be familiar with

  • Interaction between orbitals over many bonds, stabilization by the sharing of electrons over molecules.
  • Molecular shape and structure that determine reactivity and represent one aspect of structure by curly arrows.
  • The effects that delocalized electrons have on the reactivity of organic compounds.
  • Resonance, resonance effects, hyperconjugation tautomerism, inductive, electromeric, and steric effect and hydrogen bonding, and their role on chemical reactivity.
2.1 INTRODUCTION

Electrons that are restricted to a particular region are called localized electrons. The bonding in most of the organic compounds can be described ...

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