By the end of this chapter you should be familiar with
- Reactions of simple, unconjugated alkenes with electrophiles and converting carbon-carbon double bonds to other functional groups.
- How to predict which end of an unsymmetrical alkene reacts with the electrophile.
- Mechanisms and stereochemistry of electrophilic addition reactions.
- Nucleophilic addition to alkenes and alkynes.
- Diels-Alder reaction.
The strengths of acids, as measured by pKa values, range from very weak ones such as hydrocarbons to acids that are much stronger than sulphuric acid. Acids with acidities equal to or greater than sulphuric acid are called super acids. Some of them are so acidic that they can donate a proton ...