Chapter 17. Scrum


Scrum relies on self-commitment, self-organization, and emergence rather than authoritarian measures.

 --Ken Schwaber

In 1996, Ken Schwaber wrote an article for the Cutter IT Journal (then American Programmer) titled “Controlled Chaos: Living on the Edge.” Even at this early date, Ken brought an understanding of complexity concepts to software development and project management (Schwaber 1996).

Ken, an expert in rigorous, process-centric methodologies in the late 1980s and early 1990s, began to realize that the increasingly detailed and specific methodologies—overburdened with phases, steps, tasks, and activities (with documents to support each)—had a fundamental flaw. “The core of the Scrum approach is the belief that most systems ...

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