2. Setting Out to C++

In this chapter you’ll learn about the following:

• Creating a C++ program

• The general format for a C++ program

• The #include directive

• The main() function

• Using the cout object for output

• Placing comments in a C++ program

• How and when to use endl

• Declaring and using variables

• Using the cin object for input

• Defining and using simple functions

When you construct a simple home, you begin with the foundation and the framework. If you don’t have a solid structure from the beginning, you’ll have trouble later filling in the details, such as windows, door frames, observatory domes, and parquet ballrooms. Similarly, when you learn a computer language, you should begin by learning the basic structure for a program. ...

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