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How to Make Animated Films by Kathryn Spencer, Tony White

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Appendix 7: Glossary

A

Above-the-Line Costs: Costs found in a film budget that include all expenditures over and above the production costs of the crew, facilities, and regular budget expenditures, such as for the producer, director, and principal cast.

Academy: Standard 4:3 format screen ratio, used in all TV work and many films.

Accent Sounds: Parts in an audio track that have a special significance or emphasis, on which the animator can hang a particular pose or key movement.

Aerial Image: Film process of combining live action with animation, where the animation is filmed conventionally on a rostrum camera, with top lighting, while the live action is simultaneously backprojected into the camera lens.

Agency: Advertising agency, the organization ...

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