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LaTeX Beginners Guide by Stefan Kottwitz

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Writing theorems and definitions

LaTeX provides environment for theorems, definitions, and alike. Returning to our first example in this chapter, we could define a theorem environment by:

\newtheorem{thm}{Theorem}

Then, we declare a definition environment, using an optional argument stating an existing environment with which we would like to share the numbering:

\newtheorem{dfn}[thm]{Definition}

And in this simple way, we may use these environments:

\begin{dfn} A quadratic equation is an equation of the form \begin{equation} \label{quad} ax^2 + bx + c = 0, \end{equation} where \( a, b \) and \( c \) are constants and \( a \neq 0 \). \end{dfn} \begin{thm} A quadratic equation (\ref{quad}) has two solutions for the variable \( x \): \begin{equation} ...

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