Printers and printing services are areas of Windows Server 2003 that haven’t changed very much in the migration from Windows 2000. Given that, let’s take a brief look at the relevant terminology associated with printing services and how Windows treats printing in general.
To Windows, a
printer is the machinery that
actually puts ink or toner on a page. There also is such a thing as a
logical printer, which refers to the interface
between the physical printer and the software that is instructing the
printer to print. Think of the logical printer as the printer driver;
you can indeed use the two terms interchangeably.
Some important points to consider:
It is possible and practical in some instances to have multiple logical printers for every physical printer. I cover some of the scenarios in which such a configuration would be useful in this section.
Conversely, you can associate one logical printer with multiple
physical printers, creating a “printer
cluster” of sorts. The technical term for this is a
printer pool, and it’s most
commonly used when print jobs need to be directed to the first
available printer. I also discuss that a bit later in this part of
Different types of drivers are available for use in Windows Server 2003. Level 2 drivers are older drivers that were written for Windows NT which run in kernel mode, a function of the OS that makes the entire OS vulnerable to any instability on the part of the driver. Fortunately, ...