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MySQL 8 Cookbook by Karthik Appigatla

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Partition pruning and selection

MySQL does not scan partitions where there are no matching values; this is automatic and is called partition pruning. The MySQL optimizer evaluates the partitioning expression for the value given, determines which partition contains that value, and scans only that partition.

SELECT, DELETE, and UPDATE statements support partition pruning. INSERT statements currently cannot be pruned.

You can also explicitly specify partitions and subpartitions for rows matching a given WHERE condition. 

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