Algorithm A proscribed set of steps or operations. A recipe or procedure.
Artificial intelligence A field of computer science focused on the development of intelligent-acting agents. Often guided by the theory of how humans solve problems. Has a reputation for overpromising. Wryly definable as all computational problems not yet solved.
Assessment Determining how well a model estimates outputs from input data that were not used during training, by scoring it on completely new cases (test or evaluation data) having the input variables needed by the model.
Association rules A data mining process used to discover interesting pairs in transactions, lists of items, unique phrases, and so forth. The a-priori algorithm (Witten and ...