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Practical Time Series Analysis by Dr. PKS Prakash, Dr. Avishek Pal

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Random walk

A random walk is given as a sum of n iids, which has zero mean and constant variance. Based on this definition, the realization of a random walk at time index t is given by the sum S = x1 + x2 + ... + xn. The following figure shows the random walk obtained from iids, which vary according to a normal distribution of zero mean and unit variance.

The random walk is important because if such behavior is found in a time series, it can be easily reduced to zero mean model by taking differences of the observations from two consecutive time indices as St - St-1 = xt is an iid with zero mean and constant variance.

Figure 1.13: Random walk ...

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