Chapter 12

Image-Space Effects

“The world was not wheeling anymore. It was just very clear and bright and inclined to blur at the edges.”

—Ernest Hemingway

There is more involved in making an image than simply portraying objects. Part of making an image appear photorealistic is having it look like a photo. Just as a photographer adjusts their final result, we may also wish to modify, say, the color balance. Adding film grain, vignetting, and other subtle changes to the rendered image can make a rendering look more convincing. Alternately, more dramatic effects such as lens flares and bloom can convey a sense of drama. Portraying depth of field and motion blur can increase realism and be used for artistic effect.

The GPU can be used to efficiently ...

Get Real-Time Rendering, Fourth Edition, 4th Edition now with the O’Reilly learning platform.

O’Reilly members experience live online training, plus books, videos, and digital content from nearly 200 publishers.