Chapter 4

Exploratory Study

Abstract

This chapter discusses data collection as it relates to observational studies, focusing on exploratory studies—the collection, analysis, and interpretation of observations about known designs, systems, or models, or about abstract theories or subjects. The chapter introduces the different types of exploratory studies—ecological, longitudinal/cohort, cross-sectional, case-control—and cyber security examples of each are given. The form and use of gathered data is discussed along with the significance level. The chapter also explains analysis bias and introduces some of the most commonly used statistical tools for data analysis. The chapter ends by discussing the design and presentation of exploratory studies. ...

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